Exeter book riddle 83 according to the numbering of the anglosaxon poetic records is one of the old english riddles found in the later tenthcentury exeter book. New york, 1936, aspr 3 henceforth cited as kd, and i shall follow common practice in referring to it by that number. The interpretation most widely accepted is that the riddle refers to bread dough oe dag. Enter your mobile number or email address below and well send you a link to download the free kindle app. Humanity is a dominant presence in the exeter book riddle collection. Most of the literature from its era has been lost to religious escapades, making it one of the few pieces left from this time period. Exeter book riddles solutions anglosaxon narrative. Exeter book riddle 45 is one of the old english riddles found in the later tenth century exeter book. Riddlesare generally thought to end once a solution has been found, but exeter book riddle 9, although apparently straightforward and only twelve lines long, has more to offer than a disguised description of a cuckoo. Only four collections of old english verse exist, out of which the exeter book is the largest and most impressive.
We do not have the names of any of these poets, though there is no reason to doubt that some may have cunningly hidden their names in the text. Exeter book riddle 60 according to the numbering of the anglosaxon poetic records is one of the old english riddles found in the later tenthcentury exeter book. Which of you heroes is so sharpwitted and so mindcrafty, who can speak. Among those who have sought to undo the gates of the treasurehouses of the exeter book riddles e. Shielded behind glass it will be a little hard to place ones pint of guinness on its covers once more. I have heard of something or other growing up in the corner. The original exeter book resides in you guessed it exeter castle in the united kingdom. However, the description evokes a penis becoming erect. Riddle 12 is something of a peculiarity among its fellows and is. Exeter book riddles anglosaxon narrative poetry project.
Anglosaxon riddles of the exeter book46 wikisource. A man sat at his wine with his two wives and his two sons and his two daughters. Old english riddles swarthmore home swarthmore college. The riddle or, as they are sometimes called by academics, enigmatica is a developed form in anglosaxon poetry, the most important collection of riddles being the exeter book. The old english riddles of the exeter book magdalena gracka, janmichael stube. Chapel hill, nc, 1977, henceforth w in short citations. Several of these poems and riddles can only be found in the exeter book. I heard that something was growing in the corner, swelling and sticking up, raising its roof. The old english dough riddle and the power of womens magic. Though some of the best have been translated in scattered places, and there is a prose lineforline translation in the e. Anglosaxon riddles of the exeter book46 wikisource, the free. After it rises, the woman in the riddle kneads and shapes it and then puts a piece of cloth over it. Anglosaxon riddles of the exeter book45 wikisource, the free.
Rather, i chose riddle 45 because it is an important poem from the. Bread dough edward lundergan kairos a consort of singers carol lundergan shanna andrawis. Two historical riddles of the old english exeter book john donald hosler. Thus the first word of the riddle, properly understood, reveals the answer, and the reader can then give his attention to the ambiguous description. In some very few instances, my idea of the solution differs from the generally accepted range. I have heard of a somethingorother, growing in its nook, swelling. Its partly a highly suggestive craft essay and partly an informal history of ideas, also a refreshing sort of literary criticism, the. Select captions to enable english subtitlescc in a collaboration with one of our favorite blogs, the riddle ages, brad performs riddle 47 or 45 translated by megan cavell. Leofric, the first bishop of exeter, originally donated it to the library of exeter cathedral. Exeter book study guide contains literature essays, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis of the poems in the anthology. Jennifer neville is a reader in anglosaxon literature at the royal holloway university of london.
The ninetysix anglosaxon riddles in the eleventhcentury exeter book are poems of great charm, zest, and subtlety. Herewith we have a shrewd, clever, witty and expansive essay on the riddles and riddle poems in mostly western literature from the book of exeter to harry potter and j. Natural world in the exeter book riddles boydell and brewer. Here is just one example of a riddle that thorpe politely declined to translate. It is frequently shown using, shaping and binding the physical world in which it lives. Its interpretation has occasioned a range of scholarly investigations, but it is taken to mean oregoldmetal, with most commentators preferring precious metal or gold, and john d. Riddle 45 is yet another example of a riddle thats simply throbbing with double entendre. Exeter book riddles 1, 2, 3, 25, 44, 45, 47, 72 summary.
Two historical riddles of the old english exeter book. Anglosaxon riddles of the exeter book, 1963 online. Iconicity and logogriphs in exeter book riddles 23 and 45 rudolf, winfried 20121101 00. Bayless, martha, alcuins disputation pippini and the early medieval riddle tradition, in history and politics in late antiquity and the early middles ages. Musgrave, cithara as the solution to riddle 31 of the exeter book, pacific coast philology 37 2002 pp. Provided to youtube by the orchard enterprises exeter riddles book i. At the end of the exeter book, there are almost a hundred riddles or enigmata. Bread dough edward lundergan kairos a consort of singers carol lundergan shanna andrawis patricia marquez the valley sings.
The riddler pokes fun at the pedantic worm, transformed into wordwolf or midnight marauder, who devours the substance without the spirit. It is a splendid thing when one knows not its ways. Blackburn in 1901, its solution has been agreed to be the old english word beam, understood both in its primary sense tree but also in its secondary sense cross. Use the buttons on the right to navigate to each set of riddles. Audens poem the wanderer is inspired by the poem the wanderer found in the exeter book. Riddle 47 or 45 exeter book riddles in modern english. This book contains an array of anglosaxon poetry including nearly a hundred riddles that have been prized for the intrigue they create. In the past ten years, the exeter books hitherto somewhat overlooked riddle 12 has become rather a cause celebre in the realm of old english poetic scholarship, thanks to the combination of its apparently sensational, and salacious, subject matter with critical issues of class, sex, and gender. Following these are a number of shorter religious verses intermingled with poems of. The exeter books riddle 33 depicts its subject, an iceberg, as a warrior woman who can cause damage to ships with her physical prowess and powerful curses.
Riddle 45 also sounds like it is referring to a mans genitals, but it is actually a description of bread dough. Riddles 44 and 45 are perfect examples of the double entendre, where the reader is intended to believe that the answer is something obscene, but the riddle actually alludes to something much more innocuous. Edited with introduction, notes, and glossary, by frederick tupper by tupper, frederick, 18711950. The riddle is usually solved as reed pen, although such pens were not in use in anglosaxon times, rather being roman technology. A riddle is a type of puzzle that is purely verbal, with a solution in words subcategories. Exeter book riddles 1, 2, 3, 25, 44, 45, 47, 72 summary and. Appetite for deconstruction in exeter book riddle 12. Riddle 23 of the exeter book text agob is min noma eft onhwyrfed. This article discusses the riddles union of woman and iceberg from an ecofeminist perspective, exploring the deeprooted andro and anthropocentric anxieties that lie behind it. Exeter riddle 74 explication and past solutions 34 34 37 40 41 45 47 48. The exeter book contains almost 100 riddles and several saints lives. A proud bride grasped that boneless thing, with her hands. Only four predominantly poetical old english manuscripts survive, and the exeter book is notable for the sheer number and variety of works it includes within its 123. The sexual riddle type in aldhelms enigmata, the exeter.
Riddle hero 377 the exeter book was composed shortly before and bequeathed to exeter cathedral by its first bishop, leofric, after his death in 1072. Hosler, john donald, two historical riddles of the old english exeter book 2001. Riddle hero play and poetry in the exeter book riddles. Reading the exeter book riddles as lifewriting the. If multiple possibilities are possible, ill give the best or most likely. Publication date 1910 topics riddles, english old publisher boston ginn collection robarts. Ranging from natural phenomena such as icebergs and storms at sea to animal and bird life, from the christian concept of the creation to prosaic domestic objects such as a rake and a pair of bellows, and from weaponry to the peaceful. The exeter book riddles in context the british library. In many cases, answers are just provisional, and still the subject of some discussion. Iconicity and logogriphs in exeter book riddles 23 and 45 riddling and reading.
Exeter book, the largest extant collection of old english poetry. The riddles depict master and craftsman and use the familiar human world as a point of orientation within a vast, overwhelming cosmos. Solutions storm numbered as aspr, but taken as one poem 4 bell. Then you can start reading kindle books on your smartphone, tablet, or computer no kindle device required. This is a riddle from the year old exeter book manuscript in exeter cathedral in devonshire. Riddle 55 of the exeter book i saw in the hall, where heroes drank, carried onto the floor a wondrous woodtree of four kinds and wound gold, cunningly fastened treasure, and part of silver 5 and the sign of the cross, which he raised the ladder. Exeter book, or the codex exoniensis, is a 10th century book, or codex, that contains most of the surviving anglosaxon poetry. Exeter book riddle 30 according to the numbering of the anglosaxon poetic records is one of the old english riddles found in the later tenthcentury exeter book. She is currently working on a book focused solely on the riddles of the exeter book.697 1143 144 1234 586 285 219 1238 118 627 1128 1311 1182 217 468 798 807 87 923 1141 340 275 599 1056 1104 1448 738 658 729 47 979 279 1154 1194 1220 846 1335 1490 985 1470 448